Agnes Baden-Powell

Agnes Baden-Powell.jpg
Portrait of Agnes Baden-Powell


Agnes Smyth Baden-Powell

16 December 1858
Paddington, London, United Kingdom


2 June 1945 (aged 86)

Agnes Smyth Baden-Powell

(16 December 1858 – 2 June 1945) was the younger sister of Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, and was most noted for her work in establishing the  Girl Guide movement  as a female counterpart to her older brother's  Scouting Movement. Agnes was born in Paddington, London.

Early life
Agnes was the ninth of fourteen children of her father, the   Reverend Baden Powell , who was the  Savilian Professor of Geometry  at the  University of Oxford . She was his third daughter, but the elder two had died before Agnes was born; she was her mother's only daughter. Apart from Robert already mentioned above, among her brothers were  Warington Baden-Powell , Sir  George Baden-Powell ,  Frank Baden-Powell , and  Baden Baden-Powell . Her mother, Henrietta Grace Smyth, was the third wife of Rev. Baden Powell. Henrietta Grace was a gifted musician and artist, a daughter of Admiral  William Henry Smyth  and  AnnarellaWarington .
When Agnes was only two years of age, the Reverend Baden Powell died. To honour him after his death, Agnes's mother Henrietta added Baden to their surname and that branch of the family has since been known as Baden-Powell.
Baden's death left the family under the firm control of Henrietta, who was determined to instill in her children a desire to succeed. Agnes' brother, Robert, has been quoted as saying, "The whole secret of my getting on lay with my mother."
Agnes went on to become an accomplished musician, playing the organ, piano and violin. Her varied interests included natural history and astronomy, and she kept bees, birds and butterflies in her home.
In April 1901 Agnes became engaged to Sir William  Bisset Berry , the Speaker of the South African Parliament, but they did not marry. Some years later she became very friendly with  Guglielmo Marconi .
With her brother  Baden Fletcher Smyth Baden-Powell  Agnes made aeronautical balloons, working the silk for the envelope, and they made many flights together. Later she helped him with aeroplane-building. Agnes was an honorary companion of the  Royal Aeronautical Society  from 1938.
She was for some years president of the Westminster Division of the  Red Cross , and worked for the  League of Mercy  and for Queen Mary's Needlework Guild.

Guide movement
Following the creation of the  Boy Scout Association , Robert Baden-Powell organised a gathering of Scouts at the  Crystal Palace  in London in 1909. Amongst the many thousands of Boy Scouts gathered, there were several hundred Girl Scouts, and also a small group of girls, dressed in Scout uniforms, who had gatecrashed the event without tickets.

Popular opinion at this time was against mixed activities for girls, and growing pressure persuaded Robert Baden-Powell to consider setting up a separate organisation for the Girl Scouts, and having been turned down by first aid societies, he approached his sister, Agnes, who reluctantly agreed to take on the organising of the new sister group,  Girl Guides. Agnes Baden-Powell's character was useful in counteracting negative opinions of the new Girl Guides. A friend wrote of her:
Anyone who had come into touch with her gentle influence, her interest in all womanly arts, and her love of birds, insects, and flowers, would scoff at the idea of her being the president of a sort of Amazon Cadet Corps.
In late 1909, Robert Baden-Powell published "Pamphlet A: Baden-Powell Girl Guides, a Suggestion for Character Training for Girls" and "Pamphlet B: Baden-Powell Girl Guides, a Suggestion for Character Training for Girls". These were precursors to the handbook.
By April 1910 there were 6,000 young girls registered as Girl Guides. In 1912, Agnes brought about the formation of the 1st Lone Company and was the de facto president of  The Girl Guide Association .
During this time, Agnes wrote the Guides' first handbook. This was  The Handbook for the Girl Guides or How Girls Can Help to Build Up the Empire , and published in 1912, it was a reworking of the  Scouting for Boys  book written by Robert several years earlier but with chapters added by Agnes on a number of subjects. The Girl Guide movement was given official recognition in 1915. In early 1916 Agnes's young sister-in-law  Olave Baden-Powell  was appointed Sussex County Commissioner, and in September 1916 the new County Commissioners voted Olave into the new post of Chief Guide, putting her in charge of Guiding, Agnes was offered the honorary post of President which she reluctantly accepted.
In 1917, following pressure, Agnes resigned from the presidency in favour of  Princess Mary , who was also a keen supporter of the Girl Guides, and Agnes became Vice-President.
Agnes continued as Vice-President until her death. She was buried in the family grave in  Kensal Green Cemetery  in London, though her name was not listed on the monument.

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